utopia has fallen into oblivion

oblivion removes origin from the spectacle

the spectacle deflects reflection

reflection is the mere memory of desire

desire is the other of alienation

an essay outlining some of the theoretical concerns underlying the Dérive project.
A version of this paper was delivered at the session on 'The City as a Locus for Conflict'
at the AICA Congress in Belfast, September 1997


photographs by Michael Gibbs and Henriëtte Dingemans

other images appropriated from the Web and various stock archives

special thanks to Martine Neddam for the loan of the QuickTake

texts by Michael Gibbs and quotations from:

Situationist Definitions, first published in Internationale Situationniste nr. 1, June 1958. Available on the Situationist International web site - http://ernie.bgsu.edu/~swilbur/si.html

M. Christine Boyer, "The Imaginary Real World of CyberCities", in: Assemblage 18, MIT 1992

Martha Rosler, "In the Place of the Public; Observations of a Traveller", in: The Invisible in Architecture (eds. Bouman and van Toorn), Academy Editions, London 1994

Guy Debord, Society of the Spectacle, Rebel Press 1987

Henri Lefebvre, The Production of Space, trans. Donald Nicholson-Smith, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford 1991

Henri Lefebvre, Writings on Cities, trans. E. Kofman and E. Lebas, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford 1996

Ivan Chtcheglov, "Formulary for a New Urbanism" (first published 1953). Situationist International web site.

Ernest Mandel, "The Need for Space as a Global Problem: a Manifesto", in The Invisible in Architecture

Michel de Certeau, The Practice of Everyday Life, trans. Steven Rendall, University of California Press, Berkeley 1984

Visit the Virtual Psychogeographical Association for more examples of contemporary dérives.